The rupiah is down, the momentum for exports of Indonesia?
The weakening of the value of the rupiah over the United States dollar, as at present, it is not always bad but can also be seen as a momentum to increase exports.
And that's the expectation of the Secretary of Commerce, Rachmat Gobel, in mid-March when the average middle rate retail rupiah against the u.s. dollar of around Rp 12.842 per one us dollar and dropped again to around Rp. 13.300 for one dollar.
"The weakening of the rupiah this is our momentum to increase exports," He said in a news conference at the Office of the Ministry of Trade Jakarta, at the time.
Indeed in a simple export income will be larger because it means income of one us dollar will be worth more in dollars.
My customer with the dollar rising, then the position of the country he is, for example in Spain, the kursnya against the dollar also weakened. He asked for a discount to us, so we also love a discount.
But on the field, his calculation is not as simple as that, as General Secretary of the Association explained Pertekstilan Indonesia, fire, Ernovian.
"The problem of raw materials we will still use the dollar, such as chemicals, we will still import of all chemicals that. So if the weakened rupiah with this sort of lucky, yes dont too. "
"Unless all the raw materials from within the country," added Ernovian.
Ask for pieces of
Needs imported raw materials also experienced by the Compassion of Jedok Stone Work in Yogyakarta, export handicraft of stone and timber to Asia, Europe, and the United States.
"Just the same, kursnya up but our production costs right also goes up. Like glue, that's right join up. "
For Compassion there is still another problem, because some customers are asking for discounts in some countries in regard to the value of the local currency also decreased over the u.s. dollar.
Some costs to terminals, according to the API, also from Ernovian still use the dollar.
"My Customer with the dollar rising, then the position of the country he is, for example in Spain, the kursnya against the dollar also weakened. He asked for a discount to us, so we also love a discount, "clear Compassion.
So the declining value of the rupiah against the dollar may not necessarily be a factor advantages for entrepreneurs who export their products.
Furthermore there's more resistance the economic slowdown in the country's export products of Indonesia origin recipients, economic observers as described from Gajah Mada University Revrisond Baswir, Dr.
"If that goes down it's only dollars, other conditions remain, then usually the weakening of rupiah will be followed by an increase in the amount of exports."
So as a result the weakening rupiah did not immediately lead to the opening of opportunities to boost exports.
Revrisond Baswir Dr
But the current situation is that along with the weakening of the rupiah, also happens to recession in the export destination countries, such as China and the European countries.
"So as a result the weakening rupiah did not immediately lead to the opening of opportunities to boost exports," stated Dr. Revrisond.
Terms of quality
Association for textiles, added Secretary General Ernovian, API, there is also a difference in value when selling and buying when the dollar is high in Indonesia so most of them choose to Transact in Singapore.
And when making transactions in the country even if it turns out that the dollar is still required.
"The first time out of the Bank Indonesia regulations that all buying and selling in the country must be with the rupiah. But there are still some STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES that use the dollar, such as the terminal handling charge and the exchange rate is not obvious, even kursnya high and get to Rp 14,000. "
"Then the sales gas to the domestic also still use the dollar. If you want it, everything has to be assertive, "Ernovian rupiah.
In a matter of a simple, drop in the value of the rupiah over the dollar would lead to an increase in revenues from exports.
But suppose, problems are already described above can be removed, nonetheless boost exports indirectly could be realized, especially for new products.
Because a number of countries setting the quality standards of quality that must be met, as described former Deputy Bsn BSN, Dr. Sunarya, who is now a consultant for the export.
"We'll have food problems for example, genjot it we have to be ready just yet to condition and desire in their markets. As with other products, "explains Dr. Sunarya who confirmed this time practically no more buying and selling who don't pay attention to the quality.
"So if mutunya does not fit ya can't. The price is as cheap as any, for example we are selling cheap because the rupiah us down but if mutunya not met, yes obviously cannot enter. "
While the effort to meet the requirements of export quality in certain countries requires time, though admittedly the consciousness and ability of employers Indonesia will be the standard of quality is already better.